Welcome to the
"Technical Section"
Doktor Jons

Guide to Closed Circuit TV (CCTV)

So would you like to play "Spot the CCTV Camera?". Eagle eyed visitors may recognise the profusion of street furniture, surrounding a single heritage dome camera keeping watch over part  of Londons' prestigious Oxford Street shopping area.

All you need to know about lenses,
for all types of video surveillance.

Technical & Engineering Information about CCTV Lenses (continued)

The correct way to set up a camera for a particular lens is actually very straightforward; although it should perhaps be mentioned that some cameras are supplied with a lens (usually varifocals) already fitted.

Nowadays, the majority of industrial CCTV cameras, are likewise set up to accept CS mount lenses, without any further adjustment. If you do need to set up the 'back focus' adjustment, here's what you would do with a zoom or varifocal lens (if it's a fixed lens, then obviously you will not need to worry about the zoom setting):-

Firstly, assuming the lens has been fitted onto the camera, the camera connected to a monitor, and the whole lot powered up and ready to go, you need to minimise the Depth of Field by opening the lens iris fully.

If it’s a manual lens then of course that’s nice and easy .... you just turn the aperture ring to the maximum setting; if it’s motorised, use the lens control “Iris Open” button, and if it’s an auto iris lens, turn the “Level” pot fully clockwise (if it’s a Direct Drive or “Galvo” type lens, this adjustment will be located on or in the camera itself,).

With the aperture at maximum, the picture will probably appear extremely white (over exposed), with hardly any detail visible. So with the camera pointing towards an object on the horizon, zoom the lens towards its maximum telephoto setting.

At this stage, you may need to place a ‘Neutral Density” filter over the front of the lens, to cut down some of the light passing through. With a picture now visible on the monitor, adjust the lens 'Focus’ to the infinity setting (If you are intending to use the camera only with Infra Red at night, place an IR pass filter over the front of the lens.
Now carefully adjust the ‘Back Focus’ on the camera, using either a small screwdriver or adjustable twist mount, whichever is fitted to the camera. Once the picture is nice and sharp (and you may need to adjust the setting a few times until you get it right), remove all the filters, and close the Iris until the image is correctly exposed (if an auto or direct drive lens, close the iris control ['Level']slowly, adjust to the correct point, then provide an extra 5% movement to allow for variations in seasonal temperatures).

If you ‘pull’ the zoom back towards a wide angle setting, the image should now maintain focus throughout it's range. To make sure it’s working correctly, the acid test is if it performs well under low light conditions when the Depth of Field is at its smallest.


The unique "TRUSTED" National CCTV Improvement Campaign

IMPORTANT: No material may be reproduced, copied or redistributed from this site,
without the express written consent of doktorjon.co.uk

All the detailed information on this site is provided in good faith; and as such, Doktor Jon
does not accept responsibility for any consequential loss, injury or disadvantage
resulting from any individual or organisation acting on the details contained herein.

© doktorjon.co.uk 2004 - 2008

Homepage...:...Gateway...:...Technical Gateway....:....Quickfind Index....:....Equipment Directory
Site Index...:...About this site....:....CCTV Helpdesk....:.... The Forum ....:....Contact Doktor Jon